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The abundance of flora, fauna and scenic landscapes of Pench National Park inspired Rudyard Kipling to write his all-time favorite book 'The Jungle Book'. And during the visit to this national park tourists can visualize his thoughts of various characters like Mowgli the protagonist and Sher Khan the antagonist swinging here and there. The Pench National Park is situated in the Seoni district on the southern border of Madhya Pradesh adjoining the state of Maharashtra. This national park is named after the Pench river which flows from north to south in this park. The Reserve is located in the southern reaches of the Satpura hill ranges which gifted this place with an undulating terrain having most of the area covered with small hill ranges. Pench was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1983 and in 1992 it came under the umbrella of 'Project Tiger' and became the 19th Project Tiger Reserve.
The topographical location blessed this national park with dense forests sprawling in all direction. The thick forest of this park is abundant in tropical dry deciduous teak forest which is mixed with bamboo trees and other species of shrubs including the rare collection of shrubs and climbers. There are many rare varieties of herbs and grasses in this region that are known for their medicinal values. Some of the common tree species of this region are Mahua, Bija, Palas, Teak, Amaltas and many more. The rolling meadows of grass and grassy plateau never fail to fascinate tourists during their visit to this place.
The rich flora collection of this national park nurtures a number of endangered species which include 39 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and impressive number of Tigers. Due to the Project Tiger program, this national park is becoming a hot spot for viewing tigers roaming freely in their natural habitat. Some of the common wild animals of this park are cheetal, sambar, nilgai, wild pig, tiger, leopard, jungle cat, leopard cat, striped hyena, wild dog, wolf and sloth bear.
According to an estimation of the wildlife authorities the bird population in the park is over 210 species. Some of the most sighted birds are waterfowls, blue kingfishers, barbets, minivets orioles, mynas, wagtails, bulbul and munias.
Elephant safari or a jeep safari is the best way to surf through the wide expanse of Pench National Park.
Best time to visit
If you want to catch a glimpse of a tiger and other wildlife species, plan your visit to the park during the summer months because this is the time when animals come out in search of waterholes. The Pench National Park is open to visitors from early November to end June each year and closed during the rainy season from July to October.
How to Reach Pench National Park
By Rail: Nagpur is the nearest railway station connecting the Park to the main cities of Madhya Pradesh as well as different cities of India.
By Road: The Park is connected to almost all the major cities of India by road.
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